12 Feb 10

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Black Jack – also referred to as ‘twenty-one’ and ‘pontoon’ – is a game that is generally seen in a betting house with players attempting their fortune on achieving the elusive ‘twenty-one’. It is commonly presumed that the game came into existence in France around the 1600’s. However, as with most other gambling games the exact evolution of the game is still a mystery.

Black jack was introduced to the U.S. after the French Revolution, but the game didn’t become favored in the gambling dens until the house provided bonus payouts. This was the only way that seemed to get players betting on chemin de fer. One variant on the reward pay out was for a player to make ‘21′ with the blackjack card (worth 10 points) and an ace (given a value of 11 points). With the growing appeal of the game the bonus pay outs were phased out but the name ‘chemin de fer’ stayed.

Pontoon isn’t just about acquiring an outright ‘twenty-one’, but the main challenge is to defeat the croupier without going ‘bust’. The casino certainly has a house edge over the gambling players in the long run, but with twenty-one the gambler holds on to an element of choice.

Since nineteen thirty one when America initial legitimized gambling, pontoon has become a traditional betting house card game. Furthermore, it is the fusion of both skill and math used in pontoon that has caused the game to be massively liked. Twenty-one gives an attractive proposition to any academic, math guy or gambling player looking to analyze the strategy of the game.

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